What is loss assessment coverage?

By Allstate

Last updated: January 1

Loss assessment coverage can help prevent a condo owner from paying out of pocket if their condo association issues a special assessment for expenses related to an insurance claim outside the walls of their unit. Loss assessment coverage is often an optional protection that can be added to a unit owner's condo insurance policy, and there are many scenarios in which it may come in handy.

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Does my condo association's insurance cover damage?

Condo associations typically have insurance to help pay for repairs to the structure of the building and common areas if they are damaged by certain risks, such as fire or wind. And a condo association's liability coverage helps pay for expenses resulting from covered incidents, such as medical bills if someone is hurt in a shared space that's maintained by the association.

Like most insurance policies, a condo association's coverages come with deductibles and limits. The coverage limit is the maximum amount an insurance policy will pay toward a covered claim. If a condo association's coverage limits aren't high enough to pay for repairs or medical bills after a claim, it might issue a special assessment to each condo owner, dividing the remaining amount owed by the number of unit owners to pay off the rest of the bill.

How does loss assessment coverage work?

If you receive a special assessment resulting from an insurance claim that wasn't fully paid by your condo association's policy, loss assessment coverage can help. Here's a look at some ways loss assessment coverage may help prevent you from paying out of pocket for an unexpected assessment.

Weather damage to the outside of the building.

Suppose, for instance, that your condo association has $500,000 in coverage for the building's structure. If a fire or windstorm causes $550,000 in damage, and your association's insurance pays up to the coverage limit, that leaves a $50,000 repair bill. If there are 50 unit owners in your association, each owner could be charged $1,000 toward the $50,000 that exceeded the association's coverage limit.

In that scenario, owners without loss assessment coverage on their condo insurance policies would be required to pay the special assessment out of their own pocket. However, condo owners who have loss assessment coverage could file a claim with their own insurer to help cover that cost. Loss assessment coverage can also help pay for your share of the bill if your condo association issues a special assessment to pay the association's insurance deductible toward a covered claim.

Injury in a common area.

Imagine someone is injured in a common area, such as a clubhouse, tennis court or common stairway. If your condo association is found at fault, its liability coverage will likely pay for the resulting expenses, such as medical bills or legal costs. But if those expenses exceed the association's coverage limit, condo unit owners may be required to pay a special assessment to make up the balance owed. Loss assessment coverage can help prevent you from paying out of pocket in a situation like that.

Damage to shared areas on your association's property.

If a covered incident, like a fire, originates in your unit, but also damages a common area, such as your building's lobby or shared hallway, loss assessment coverage can help pay for repairs.

How much loss assessment coverage do I need?

To help determine how much loss assessment coverage you should add to your condo insurance policy, you'll want to take a look at your condo association's master insurance policy to learn what its coverage limits are and whether special deductibles apply for certain hazards. Your local insurance agent can help you decide how much loss assessment coverage is right for you.

Hopefully, you'll never need to use loss assessment coverage. But you may find that adding it to your condo insurance policy gives you the peace of mind that comes with knowing you won't be on the hook for a special assessment if the unexpected does occur.